DANDRUFF

Dandruff is the shedding of dead skin cells from the scalp. It is a common scalp disorder affecting almost half of the population at the post-pubertal age and of any sex and race. It often causes itching.

 

The severity of dandruff may fluctuate with season as it often worsens in winter. Dandruff is rare before puberty, peaks in the teens and early twenties, and declines with age thereafter

 

Almost anyone can have dandruff, but certain factors can make you more prone to have it:

  • Age. Dandruff usually begins in young adulthood and continues through middle age.

  • Being male. Because more men have dandruff, some researchers think male hormones may play a role.

  • Oily hair and scalp. For that reason, having excessively oily skin and hair makes you more prone to dandruff.

  • Certain illnesses. For reasons that aren't clear, adults with neurological diseases, such as Parkinson's disease, are more likely to develop seborrheic dermatitis and dandruff. So are people with HIV infection, or those who have compromised immune systems from other conditions.

 

 

Dandruff can have several causes, including:

  • Irritated, oily skin (seborrheic dermatitis). This condition, one of the most frequent causes of dandruff, is marked by red, greasy skin covered with flaky white or yellow scales.

  • Not shampooing often enough. If you don't regularly wash your hair, oils and skin cells from your scalp can build up, causing dandruff.

  • Yeast called malassezia, which aggravate your scalp and cause excess skin cell growth

  • The extra skin cells die and fall off, making them appear white and flaky in your hair or on your clothes.

  • Dry skin. Flakes from dry skin are generally smaller and less oily than those from other causes of dandruff.

  • Different personal care products may cause contact dermatitis, which makes your scalp red and itchy

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